Vocational education

Key terms: Bridge-year courses / Case management (vocational education and training)

The vocational and professional education and training of people with special education needs and the integration of people with disabilities into the working world are important issues at present. Alongside the national offices (State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation [SERI], Federal Social Insurance Office [SIO]) and the cantons, there are also associations (INSOS) with strong involvement in vocational integration.

According to the Federal Vocational and Professional Education and Training Act, the cantons are obliged to prepare adolescents with educational deficits for vocational education and training after the end of compulsory education. As a "bridge" between lower-secondary and upper-secondary education, the cantons offer various vocational preparation measures for adolescents who have no subsequent solution (e.g. bridge-year courses, case management, pre-professional training year etc.).

In vocational education and training, the three-or-four-year vocational education and training (Federal VET Diploma) and the two-year vocational education and training (Federal VET Certificate) are regulated within the Federal Vocational and Professional Education and Training Act. In particular, the two-year programme leading to a Federal VET Certificate is geared towards adolescents with special education needs. For adolescents with heightened educational requirements, INSOS Switzerland also offers practical education and training (PrA). This programme is strongly oriented towards the individual abilities of the respective adolescent.

Additional supportive and accompanying measures are offered for adolescents with special education needs in conjunction with vocational education and training. These include support courses, individual support, extension of vocational education and case management for learners at risk of dropping out of VET programmes.

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Last update of this page: 26.07.2021