Learning objectives and assessment

Key terms: Professional qualification for adults / Vocational and professional education in Switzerland

In vocational education and training (VET), knowledge and skills are taught that are necessary for a certain profession or occupational field.

Vocational education and training
The VET comprises professional practice, general education and vocational education subjects. The specific educational objectives and learning content for each learning provider (vocational schools, training companies and inter-company courses) are determined in the specific VET ordinances for each profession and in the specific training plans. Training plans are vocational education concepts for VET programmes. They specify skills and knowledge, number of lessons, inter-company courses and qualification procedures. The general education subjects taught at VET schools are regulated by the SERI Ordinance on the Minimum Regulations for General Education in Vocational Education and Training and by the core curriculum for general education within vocational education and training.

Assessment of VET students

The specific VET ordinances for each profession regulate the assessment procedures in the training companies and in VET schools.

VET training companies
The vocational trainer at the training company discusses the learning success with the VET student and records the VET student's educational status in a learning report. The learning report is issued once a semester. It contains objectives mutually arranged between the VET student and the vocational trainer, which are evaluated regularly. Professional, technical, social and personal skills and student's performances at the VET school and in inter-company courses are assessed. In the learning documentation, the VET students systematically record all significant work, acquired skills and experience. Learning documentations provide the vocational trainers with information about the student's learning progress, their vocational interests and motivation.

VET school
At the VET school, the student's performances in the individual subjects are assessed after each semester in the form of a report (6 = best grade, 4 = sufficient, below 4 = insufficient). If the student's performance at school is so poor as they throw doubt on the success of the vocational education and training organised in the training company, or if the student’s behaviour is unsatisfactory, the VET school contacts the training company in order to take appropriate measures. It may be necessary to repeat the entire year of VET programme, or to cancel the VET programme.


The two-year VET programme leads to a Federal VET Certificate. Afterwards, depending on the occupational field, it is possible to complete a shortened form of the three or four-year vocational education and training programme.

The three or four-year VET programme leads to a Federal VET Diploma.

Federal Vocational Baccalaureate training

The Federal Vocational Baccalaureate (FVB) provides direct access to enrolment in universities of applied sciences. The objectives, the number of lessons and the opportunities for specialisation are set out in the Ordinance for the Federal Vocational Baccalaureate and the FVB core curriculum.

Assessment and graduation

In the Federal Vocational Baccalaureate (FVB) programme, assessment and promotion are regulated by the Ordinance on the Federal Vocational Baccalaureate. If the student's performances are insufficient, promotion to the next semester is effected on a provisional basis. Provisional status is only possible once during the entire FVB programme. Towards the end of the FVB programme, the students complete a written or practical interdisciplinary project assignment. This assignment is part of the FVB examination and relates to professional practice and to at least two subjects taught in the FVB programme.
The FVB programme leads to a Federal Vocational Baccalaureate. Graduates also have a Federal VET Diploma.

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Last update of this page: 26.07.2021