Bologna Process

The Bologna Process is a comprehensive process of reforming higher education. Its aim is to create a European Higher Education Area and to increase the international competitiveness of the European system of higher education. The process was launched in 1999, with the following objectives:

  • Establishment of a system of easily readable and comparable qualifications

  • Establishment of a two-tier study system (Bachelor's/Master's degree)

  • Introduction of a credit system (ECTS)

  • Promotion of mobility and removal of obstacles to student and staff mobility

  • Promotion of European cooperation on quality assurance and evaluation

  • Promotion of the European dimension in the higher education system

Switzerland signed the Bologna Declaration in 1999. This led to a comprehensive reform of structures and the content of degree programmes at all Swiss higher education institutions (universities, federal institutes of technology (FIT), universities of applied sciences and universities of teacher education). Among other things, the single-tier study structure at higher education institutions was converted into a two-tier system with Bachelor's and Master's degrees.

In the Bologna context a national qualifications framework for the higher Swiss education sector has been adopted. It describes and defines the higher education levels in Switzerland inter alia on the basis of the admission conditions and qualifications. The qualifications framework is intended to serve as an orientation tool for the higher education institutions to develop and describe their study courses and programmes. It is also designed to improve information about the Swiss higher education system, particularly with regard to teaching. Finally, it facilitates the comparability of qualifications in Europe and enhances transparency.

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Last update of this page: 26.07.2021