Key terms: Public expenditure on education / Bridge-year courses / Case management (vocational education and training) / Transition Lower - Upper secondary level / Quality development and quality assurance in the field of education / Mobility and exchange / Occupational, educational and career guidance
After compulsory education, adolescents transfer to upper-secondary education, which can be subdivided into general education programmes, and vocational education and training (VET) programmes.
The general education programmes include the Baccalaureate schools and the upper-secondary specialised schools. They do not lead to professional qualifications, but prepare for tertiary level education programmes.
Vocational education and training (VET), in which adolescents learn a profession, is mostly completed at training companies (apprenticeship) combined with teaching at a VET school. It can also be completed at full-time vocational schools.
The majority of adolescents enrol in vocational education and training (VET) after lower-secondary education. The adolescents complete upper-secondary education at the age of 18/19 and receive a corresponding certificate.
By 2015, the proportion of people under the age of 25 who have successfully completed upper-secondary education is to be raised from 90% to 95%. Various measures (individual support, case management etc.) have been taken in order to optimise the transition from compulsory education to upper-secondary education. For adolescents who do not enrol immediately in upper-secondary education after compulsory education, bridge-year courses are available as interim solutions.