Structural models in lower secondary level

Depending on the canton, either a single model for lower secondary level is implemented throughout the canton, or the canton allows the municipalities to choose between various models (model diversity).

Streamed model

According to their performance level, pupils are allocated to different types of school. They are taught in separate classes or schools, in some cases with different curricula and teaching material. In general, there are two or three types of school (four in a minority of cantons) with different denominations. The streamed model with two school types includes a basic-level performance-based school type and an advanced-level performance-based school type. In the streamed model with three types of school, there is a basic-level performance-based school type, an intermediate-level performance-based school type and an advanced-level performance-based school type.

Cooperative model

In the cooperative model the pupils are placed in separate ability groups (core classes). In certain subjects they attend lessons in different level groups on the basis of their individual aptitudes.

Integrated model

In the integrated model, there are non-selective classes. Pupils with different abilities attend the same class. In certain subjects, pupils attend lessons in different level groups on the basis of their individual aptitudes.
The streamed model entails low permeability. The cooperative and integrated models enable a higher degree of permeability. The majority of cantons have schools with the streamed model and the variant with three school types is the most widespread. In less than half of the cantons, the cooperative model and the integrated model are established as alternatives to the streamed model. Only few cantons use exclusively the cooperative model or to the integrated model.

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Last update of this page: 20.02.2018

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